By Billy Hammond (Copyright AELS)

When I was growing up in the 50s and 60s in Hawaii, movies underwent severe censorship and there wasn’t much nudity or violence. Look at some of the American films from the period and I’m pretty sure you’ll find them quite mild by today’s standards. The Hays Code created by the Motion Picture Association of America, which monitored the films was strictly observed from 1934 to the 1960s. It would be 1963 before an American actress would bare her breasts in a mainstream film (Promises! Promises!). All of this continued until the Code was abandoned in 1967.


On the other hand, films from Japan that were all in Japanese or loosely subtitled seemed to escape the censorship. There were nude public bath scenes, rapes, body parts realistically cut off in samurai films and other kinds of gore and horror.


Our judo club used to received discounts on Japanese samurai and martial arts films and I can remember our chief instructor grumbling many times when the films showed naked women on screen. As for us, we reveled at getting to see what was banned in US films.


In the years that followed, the US films outdid the Japanese in portraying all kinds of themes that Japanese directors tended to shun.











By Billy Hammond (Copyright AELS)


English books by Billy Hammond published by AELS



I. Majoh Gakuin and Hikari Juku – Japanese Witch Schools Trilogy

1. Majoh Gakuin & Hikari Juku – Japanese Witch Schools

2. Lost Witch (The second book)

3. Fate & Magic (The final book in the trilogy)

II. Brindle – Scryer Extraordinaire Trilogy

1. Brindle – Scryer Extraordinaire

2. Brindle – Scryer Extraordinaire – Returns

3. Brindle – Scryer Extraordinaire – Challenges (The final book in the trilogy)

III. Fantasy fiction set in Japan

1. 21st Century Ninja

2. Regressed

3. Japanese Woman

IV. Fantasy fiction set outside of Japan

1. Dimension Jumpers