By Billy Hammond (Copyright AELS)

January 22, 2020

TV clips of children in underdeveloped countries or those devastated by war or famine often show children with distended abdomens. Others show children who are severely underweight and emaciated yet with no abdominal swelling.

Both sets of children are suffering from malnutrition, but the causes are slightly different.

The children with the distended abdomens are suffering from a disease known as “Kwashiorkor” which is a disease in which their diet is deficient in protein in relation to calories as in a starch dominant diet.

Their symptoms include stunted growth, edema, dermal lesions, loss of hair pigmentation, and decreased plasma albumin. The deposition of fat leads to liver enlargement which gives the appearance of the distended abdomens seen in images.

Marasmus is the result of a deficiency in calories in relation to protein which can arise from a milk dominated diet. Symptoms include arrested growth, extreme muscle wasting, weakness, and anemia. These children are susceptible to frequent infections.

Albumin levels and edema help to distinguish the two diseases.

クワシオルコルとマラズマス(消耗症)

戦争が起きている国や食料不足の発展途上国の子供のビデオ・ニュースにはよく、腹部膨張の子供が観られる。しかし、場合によって、はるかに衰弱した子もいるが、腹部膨張のない子もいる。両方の子供達は栄養不良に悩まされているが、その原因は異なっている。

腹部膨張の子供は『クワシオルコル』という病気に掛かっている。その原因はでんぷんばかりの食事から発生するようなカロリーに対してのタンパク質不足。彼らは発育不全、浮腫、髪の色素低下、皮膚病変や血漿アルブミンの減少の症状。脂肪沈着が腫大を引き起こすので腹部膨張が観られる。

マラズマス(消耗症)は母乳または牛乳ばかりの食事で、タンパク質に対してカロリー不足環境に発生する。症状には成長停止、筋肉消耗、脱力や貧血が含まれる。これらの子供達は感染症にかかりやすい。

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English novels by Billy Hammond published by AELS

(AELS出版英語書籍リスト)

 

I. Majoh Gakuin and Hikari Juku – Japanese Witch Schools Trilogy

1. Majoh Gakuin & Hikari Juku – Japanese Witch Schools

2. Lost Witch (The second book)

3. Fate & Magic (The final book in the trilogy)

II. Brindle – Scryer Extraordinaire Trilogy

1. Brindle – Scryer Extraordinaire

2. Brindle – Scryer Extraordinaire – Returns

3. Brindle – Scryer Extraordinaire – Challenges (The final book in the trilogy)

III. Fantasy fiction set in Japan

1. 21st Century Ninja

2. Regressed

3. Japanese Woman

IV. Fantasy fiction set outside of Japan

1. Dimension Jumpers

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