By Billy Hammond (Copyright AELS)

December 5, 2019

If you drink a lot, then it’s important to know that ethanol (the main ingredient in alcoholic drinks) is an anti-vitamin, which inhibits the absorption of vitamin B1 (thiamine).

Thiamine is converted to TPP (thiamine pyrophosphate) in the body. The TPP serves as a co-enzyme in the decarboxylation of alpha ketoacids such as pyruvate and alpha-ketogluterate and in the use of pentose phosphates in the pentose phosphate pathway. The result is that the oxidation of alpha ketoacids is impaired. This creates disorders in the central and peripheral nervous systems as well as the cardiovascular system and can lead to beri-beri heart disease.

If you enjoy drinking a lot, then it’s probably a good idea to take a B1 supplement.






English novels by Billy Hammond published by AELS



I. Majoh Gakuin and Hikari Juku – Japanese Witch Schools Trilogy

1. Majoh Gakuin & Hikari Juku – Japanese Witch Schools

2. Lost Witch (The second book)

3. Fate & Magic (The final book in the trilogy)

II. Brindle – Scryer Extraordinaire Trilogy

1. Brindle – Scryer Extraordinaire

2. Brindle – Scryer Extraordinaire – Returns

3. Brindle – Scryer Extraordinaire – Challenges (The final book in the trilogy)

III. Fantasy fiction set in Japan

1. 21st Century Ninja

2. Regressed

3. Japanese Woman

IV. Fantasy fiction set outside of Japan

1. Dimension Jumpers